This gluten free butter cookie recipe turns out perfect cookies every time. They hold their shape and can be as simple or as fancy as you like! Find out how to make these cookies using a spritz (cookie press) or an icebox.
How to make gluten free butter cookie dough
I've always made this butter cookie dough by dumping all of the ingredients (dry first, then wet) in a food processor and processing it until it's smooth. Using a food processor ensures that the dough is completely uniform in color and texture.
If you don't have a food processor or simply don't want to use your food processor because you hate cleaning it like I do, you can make the cookie dough by hand (well, in a bowl). Just be sure that the butter is at soft room temperature.
How soft? If you press on the butter with your finger, it should leave an indentation, but the butter should not be leaking liquid at all. Simply gather the dough together by squeezing it in your hand a bit and then placing it in plastic and kneading it until it's smooth.
Tips and tricks for using a cookie press to make gf butter cookies
- If you're making gluten free spritz cookies, use the dough immediately after making it, without chilling it. To use a cookie press of any kind, your dough must be at room temperature to travel through the press and out of the disk at the end without crumbling. It must also stick to the baking sheet, which it will as long as your baking sheet itself is not warm or greasy, and is not nonstick.I have a cookie press made by Kuhn Rikon, and it was well-priced and serviceable. But it doesn't seem to be available anymore without a more expensive set. If I were going to make a purchase today, I'd go with the OXO Good Grips Cookie Press (affiliate link; feel free to shop around!). If your cookie dough is the right consistency (which it will be if you use this recipe and follow the instructions carefully), the cookie press should work correctly and without a problem. About 95% of the time, I have no problems making spritz cookies in my cookie press. So why do I dream of sneaking up on it and choking it to death with my bare hands? Because of the five percent of the time it just won't cooperate.
- Open the chamber of your press by lifting on the plunger and placing your butter cookie dough inside. Choose a disk (I like the simple flower shape the best), place it at the end of the press, place them both on the end of the chamber and turn it to seal.
- Once the press is closed, press the lever until you're certain that the dough is all the way at the end of the chamber, right by the extrusion disk. Then, place the press upright onto an ungreased baking sheet. If the dough isn't sticky, or the baking sheet isn't clean, the dough will not stick to the sheet.
- Click just once on the lever per cookie, wait a moment to ensure that the shape is sticking to the baking sheet, and lift the press straight up into the air. The dough will stick to the baking sheet, not fall from it like it would if you were using a piping bag.
How to make icebox butter cookies
If the whole cookie press business puts you off, do not make yourself crazy. Just make this recipe as icebox cookies.
Make the dough, place it on a piece of unbleached parchment paper, shape it into a cylinder, square the edges, and chill the dough thoroughly. Then simply slice into 1/4-inch thick cross-sections and bake.
Egg white wash and coarse sugar coating
Butter cookies aren't very sweet, and their buttery goodness just melts in your mouth. Since they're a bit plain, though, I like them best when they have a coating of coarse sugar on top.
What coarse sugar to use
I've found that the best way to get the sugar to adhere to the cookies is to brush them with an egg white before sprinkling the coarse sugar. Chef's Select makes my favorite gluten free coarse sugar, and I used to purchase it on Amazon.
I'm afraid it's no longer available, and I'm having trouble finding it. This appears to be the same brand, but I'm afraid I don't know anything about the seller. I can't recommend Wilton or CK brands because I don't feel comfortable that they're allergen-friendly enough.
When I run out of Chef's Select, I expect I'll be able to find it again somewhere. If not, I'll just use Sugar in the Raw. Its only sin is not being a clear white color.
How to brush with egg wash
When you brush gluten free spritz cookies with egg wash, the cookies may stick to the unlined baking sheet after they've been baked. The egg white wash tends to act like glue to keep the sugar in place but also to adhere the cookie to the baking sheet.You can skip the egg white wash on gluten free spritz cookies and just use lukewarm water instead to help the coarse sugar crystals stick to the raw cookies.
If you use the egg white wash with the spritz cookies, just allow the cookies to cool for 5 minutes (no more!) and run the edge of a small offset spatula or knife under the cookies to pry them from the baking sheet. Then, allow the cookies to finish cooling completely.
Ingredients and substitutions
Dairy-free substitution: Since these are butter cookies, it's tough to make them without butter, but I think it's worth a try. My favorite butter replacements, in general, are Melt brand or Miyoko's Kitchen brand vegan butter.
If you can't find either of those, try using half (56 g) Earth Balance buttery sticks and half (56 g) Spectrum brand non-hydrogenated vegetable shortening. That mix helps to approximate the flavor and moisture balance of real butter.
Egg substitution: There are three egg yolks in this recipe, and I'm honestly not sure how to replace them. You can try using coconut cream in their place, gram for gram. But I'm afraid I've never tried anything like that, so you'll have to experiment.
You can either leave off the egg white wash and coarse sugar coating, or try using water to help the sugar crystals stick.
Flavorings substitute: In place of vanilla extract, I like using almond extract in its place (but I use a little less since almond extract is much stronger in flavor). You could also try another flavoring oil, but be careful not to add too much, or you'll overpower that lovely buttery flavor.
Gluten Free Butter Cookies | Spritz or Icebox
1 1/2 cups (210 g) all purpose gluten free flour (I used Better Batter)
3/4 teaspoon xanthan gum (omit if your blend already contains it)
1/2 cup plus 2 tablespoons (72 g) confectioner’s sugar
1/4 teaspoon kosher salt
8 tablespoons (112 g) unsalted butter, at room temperature
3 egg yolks (75 g), at room temperature
1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
Optional for topping
1 egg white, for brushing
Coarse sugar crystals, for sprinkling
Preheat your oven to 350°F. Set out large, very clean rimmed baking sheets, but don’t line any that you plan to use for spritz cookies. Line with unbleached parchment paper any baking sheets you plan to use for icebox cookies.
In the bowl of a food processor fitted with the steel blade, place the flour, xanthan gum, sugar, salt, butter, egg yolks, and vanilla, and process until the dough comes together in a ball. It should be smooth and a bit wet, but you should be able to handle it lightly with your hands without its sticking. You can easily make these cookies without a food processor, although the dough will not be as uniform in color. Simply place the dough in a plastic bag and knead it with your hands until the color is as uniform as possible.
For spritz cookies, do not chill the dough. Fill your cookie press according to the manufacturer’s directions. Place the disk you like on the end of the chamber, and screw the end on securely. On a bare, ungreased baking sheet that is not nonstick, dispense the cookie dough, spacing it evenly. Remember to place the press firmly onto the baking sheet, use one “click” of the press per cookie, hold the press steady on the surface for a moment to allow the dough to adhere to the sheet, and then release quickly in a swift upward motion. Place the baking sheet in the refrigerator or freezer to chill the dough until it’s firm to the touch.
For icebox cookies, shape the cookie dough into a cylinder about 1 1/2 inches in diameter, and place on a sheet of unbleached parchment paper. Square each of the sides with a straight edge to form a rectangle, and place the log in the freezer until firm (about 15 minutes). Remove the log from the freezer, unwrap it, square the edges again if necessary, then slice it by cross-section into pieces about 1/4 inch wide. Place the cookies on a nonstick baking sheet, evenly spaced.
For both types of cookies, with a pastry brush, brush the tops of all of the cookies on the baking sheet with the (optional) egg white, and sprinkle with the (optional) coarse sugar. Place the baking sheets, one at a time, in the center of the preheated oven and bake until they’re lightly brown around the edges (8 to 10 minutes). For slightly crispier cookies, allow them to brown a bit longer (up to 12 minutes total). Remove the baking sheet from the oven and allow the cookies to cool completely on the baking sheet. If making spritz cookies that have been coated with egg white before baking, allow the cookies to cool for 5 minutes (no more!) and run a edge of a small offset spatula or knife under the cookies to pry them from the baking sheet. Then, allow the cookies to finish cooling completely on the baking sheet before moving them.
Originally published on the blog in 2011. Most photos, video, most text new; recipe unchanged.