1 1/4 cups (175 g) Gluten-Free Bread Flour*
1 teaspoon (3 g) instant yeast
2 1/2 tablespoons (30 g) sugar
9 1/2 ounces (1 cup + 3 tablespoons) warm water (about 95°F)—for best results (by a mile!) measure the water by weight, not volume
2 cups (280 g) Gluten-Free Bread Flour,* plus more for sprinkling
2/3 teaspoon (2 g) instant yeast
1 teaspoon (6 g) kosher salt
2 tablespoons (28 g) unsalted butter, at room temperature
1 ounce finely grated Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese
Molasses bath, for boiling (6 cups water plus 1 tablespoon molasses plus 1 teaspoon kosher salt)
Egg wash (1 large egg, at room temperature, beaten with1 tablespoon water)
6 ounces Asiago cheese (or another semi-hard cheese), grated
*GLUTEN FREE BREAD FLOUR
Makes 1 cup (140 g) flour
100 grams (about 11 1/2 tablespoons) all-purpose gluten-free flour (71%)**
25 grams (about 5 tablespoons) unflavored whey protein isolate (18%)
15 grams (about 5 teaspoons) Expandex modified tapioca starch (11%)
**For the all-purpose gluten-free flour in Gluten-Free Bread Flour, you can use either the High-Quality All-Purpose Gluten-Free Flour (below) or the Make-It-Simpler All-Purpose Gluten-Free Flour (below that). For this recipe, the High-Quality All-Purpose Gluten-Free Flour is best. It is a copycat recipe for Better Batter gluten free flour, so the commercially available Better Batter all-purpose gluten-free flour blend will also work well. For a calculator to do the math for you, click here.
1 CUP (140 g) HIGH-QUALITY ALL-PURPOSE GLUTEN-FREE FLOUR
42 grams (about 1/4 cup) superfine brown rice flour (30%)
42 grams (about 1/4 cup) superfine white rice flour (30%)
21 grams (about 2 1/3 tablespoons) tapioca starch (15%)
21 grams (about 2 1/3 tablespoons) potato starch (15%)
7 grams (about 1 3/4 teaspoons) potato flour (5%)
4 grams (about 2 teaspoons) xanthan gum (3%)
3 grams (about 1 1/2 teaspoons) pure powdered pectin (2%)
1 CUP (140 g) MAKE-IT-SIMPLER ALL-PURPOSE GLUTEN-FREE FLOUR
90 grams (about 9 tablespoons) superfine white rice flour (64%)
31 grams (about 3 1/2 tablespoons) potato starch (22%)
15 grams (about 5 teaspoons) tapioca starch (11%)
4 grams (about 2 teaspoons) xanthan gum (3%)
To make the starter, place all the starter ingredients in a medium-size bowl, and whisk until well combined. The mixture will be thick and shapeless. Cover and set the bowl aside in a warm, draft-free location to rise until doubled (about 40 minutes).
Once the starter has finished rising, make the dough. Place the flour and yeast in the bowl of your stand mixer, and use a handheld whisk to combine well. add the salt, and whisk to combine. Add the risen starter, butter, and Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese to the bowl, and mix on low speed with the dough hook until combined. Raise the mixer speed to medium and knead for about 5 minutes. It will be sticky dough, but will become stretchier and appear thinner as the mixer kneads it. Spray a silicone spatula lightly with cooking oil spray, and scrape down the sides of the bowl. Transfer the dough to a lightly oiled bowl or proofing bucket large enough for the dough to rise to double its size, and cover with an oiled piece of plastic wrap (or the oiled top to your proofing bucket). Place the dough in a warm, draft free location to rise until nearly doubled in size (about 1 1/2 hours). To make the dough easier to handle, after it has finished rising, place the sealed dough in the refrigerator to chill for 30 minutes before handling.
Once the dough has finished its first rise, line a large, rimmed baking sheet with unbleached parchment paper, grease it lightly with cooking oil and set it aside. Turn the dough onto a lightly floured surface. Knead until smooth as described in These General Shaping Tips. If you have never shaped this new gluten free bread dough before, please read those instructions carefully in the recipe instructions and watch the shaping videos in the link provided. Divide the dough into six parts. To shape each piece of dough, follow the directions for Shaping Small Round Rolls in this recipe, and then poke a hole with a well-floured finger vertically into the center of the round dough. Move your finger in a circular motion to widen the hole so that it does not close during proofing. For more directions and step-by-step photos on shaping bagels in the more traditional way, see pages 38-39 of Bakes Bread. Place each piece of bagel-shaped dough on the prepared baking sheet about 2 inches apart, cover with oiled plastic wrap, and set in a warm, draft-free location to rise until nearly doubled in size (about 45 minutes to 1 hour, depending upon the environment). About 25 minutes before the dough has finished rising, preheat your oven to 375°F.
As the dough nears the end of its rise, make the molasses bath by dissolving 1 tablespoon of molasses and 1 teaspoon of kosher salt in 6 cups of water (approximate measurements are fine here). Bring the mixture to a boil over medium-high to high heat. Once the dough has finished rising, place the shaped bagels a few at a time into the boiling bath for only 30 seconds per side. Remove the bagels with a strainer and return them to the baking sheet. Brush the boiled bagels with the egg wash, and sprinkle generously with about 3/4 of the grated Asiago cheese. Repeat with the remaining bagel dough. Place the baking sheet in the center of the preheated oven and bake for 15 minutes. Remove the bagels from the oven and quickly sprinkle the remaining Asiago cheese over the nearly-baked bagels. Rotate the baking sheet, return the bagels to the oven and continue to bake until they are golden brown all over and the cheese is melted (about 5 minutes more). To brown the cheese a bit, place it under your oven’s broiler for about 1 minute. Allow to cool on the pan briefly before serving.
Adapted from the Plain (or Seeded) Bagels on page 123 of Gluten-Free on a Shoestring Bakes Bread: Biscuits, Bagels, Buns, and More by Nicole Hunn. Excerpted by arrangement with Da Capo Lifelong, a member of the Perseus Books Group. Copyright © 2013.
For troubleshooting, please read these 21 Gluten Free Bread FAQs. I bet I have provided answers to your questions already, including information on how to sub out Expandex for Ultratex 3.
P.S. Wondering how to make more traditional, chewy New York bagels? Get your copy of Gluten Free on a Shoestring Bakes Bread, and turn to page 123!